Carmen D. Laffey, Criminal Investigator, joined the Public Defender’s Office in October 2011. Prior to joining the PDO, Ms. Laffey was President of Mitigation, Investigations & Sentencing by Laffey, LLC, for six-and-a-half years. For another six-and-a-half years, she was a Bond Investigator for the United States Pretrial Services Agency of the Southern District of Texas–Houston Division, which investigates federal arrestees to determine bond eligibility and supervises persons on bond. Prior to her career in the federal system, Ms. Laffey was a Harris County Adult Probation Officer, serving as the Court Liaison Officer for the Honorable Mark D. Atkinson (Ret.) of County Criminal Court at Law #13. She authored 66 presentence investigations during this time. Ms. Laffey is a licensed Private Investigator and a Certified Process Server with the State of Texas. She was an Adjunct Professor at the University of Houston-Clear Lake in 2010–2011, teaching “Death Penalty” and “Probation and Parole.” Ms. Laffey authored Chapter 8 – “Key Figures in Juvenile Court Proceedings” and co-authored Chapter 7 – “The Police and Juveniles in Texas” for the text book, Texas Juvenile Justice (Sage 2007). Ms. Laffey received her B.S. from West Texas State University (West Texas A&M) and her Master’s degree in Sociology from the University of Clear Lake.